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Chapter 3 Basic I Homework (New)

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Question 1

Write the chemical formula for iron (II) carbonate.

 

Explanation

Iron (Fe) charge: +2

CO3 charge: -2

Cross the charges and simplify

  

 

Question 2

Write the chemical formula for iron (III) carbonate. For Moodle, magnesium hydrogen sulfate is written Mg(HSO4)2 meaning Mg(HSO4)2.

 

Explanation

Iron Charge = +3

Carbonate= -2


Cross the charges as shown in question 1

 

Question 3

Write the chemical formula for iron (II) chloride. (For Moodle, water is written H2O.)


 

Explanation

 Iron Charge = +2

Chloride Charge = -1


Cross the charges as shown in question 1

 

Question 4

Write the chemical formula for barium hydroxide.

 

Explanation

Ba Charge : +2

OH Charge: -1


Cross the charges

 

Question 5

Write the chemical formula for ammonium sulfate.

 

Explanation

NH4 Charge: +1'

Sufate Charge: -2


Cross the charges.

 

Question 6

What is the mass of 1 mol of CH3NH2 in g?

Correct

 

Explanation

 1 mol = x g / MM CH3NH2


MM of CH3NH2 = 12 + 5(1.008) + 14 = 31


1mol= x g / 31 MM


x= 31 g


 

Question 7

What is the percent composition by mass of oxygen in carbon dioxide?

Correct

 

Explanation

 CO2 total mass = 44g


O2 mass: 32g


32 g /  44 g = 0.727 x 100 = 72.7%



 

Question 8

What is the percent composition by mass of carbon in lithium carbonate, Li2CO3?


Correct

 

Explanation

Mass of Li2CO3 :73.891 g


Mass of Carbon: 12g


12 g / 73.891 g = .163 x 100 = 16.3%


 

Question 9

What is the mass of 30 molecules of nitrogen dioxide, NO2, in g? USE 3 SIG. FIG.


Correct

 

Explanation

 (14 +16(2)) MM NO2


41/(6.022*10^23) = 6.81e-23 mol = X g/ 46 MM


X= 3.1326e-21


 

Question 10

What is the mass of 1.38 mol NaCl in grams? 


Correct

 

Explanation

 1.38 mol = X g/ MM of NaCl


MM of NaCl = 58.4428


1.38 mol = X g/ 58.4428 MM


X =80.7


 

Question 11

What is the mass in grams of 0.89 mol sodium phosphate, Na3PO4 ?

Correct

 

Explanation

0 .89 mol = X g/ MM of Na3PO4 


MM of Na3PO4 = 163.94


0.13 mol = X g/ 163.94 MM 


X = 146

 

Question 12

How many moles is 188.3 g calcium carbonate, CaCO3 ? 

Correct

 

Explanation

188.3 g/ MM of CaCO3 = X moles


MM of CaCO3 = 100.0869


188.3/ 100.0869 =1.88


X = 1.88 moles



 

Question 13

How many moles is 105 g lithium carbonate, Li2CO3 ?


Correct

 

 Explanation

105 g / MM of Li2CO3  = X moles


MM of Li2CO3 73.891


105 / 73.891 =1.42


X = 1.42 moles

 

Question 14

What is the empirical formula for acetone, C2H4O2? (Keep elements in same order for your answer) 

Remember to use correct symbols for elements--C for carbon (NOT c), etc.

 

 Explanation

The empirical formula indicates the simplest whole number ratio of atoms in a substance. 

The molecular formula indicates the number of atoms of each element in a molecule of the substance. 
Ex:
Molecular formula: H2O2; empirical formula: HO
Molecular formulas: C2H4, C5H10; empirical formula: CH2
Molecular formula: CH4; empirical formula: CH4

C2H4O2 / 2

CH2O


 

Question 15

A substance contains 5.00 g C and 1.70 g H. What is the empirical formula? (Answer starts with C and H is last.) 

 

Explanation

  



 5 g C


5 g / 12 MM = .4167 mol C


1.70 g H / 1.008 MM = 1.686 mol H


1.686 mol H / .4167 = 4.05  about 4


CH4


 

Question 16

What is the empirical formula of a compound which is 82.64 % C by mass and 17.36 % H. (Answer starts with C and H is last.)

 

 Explanation

 Use a 100g sample...

82.64 g C / 12 MM  = 6.89

17.63 g H/ 1.008 MM = 17.49

17.49 / 6.89 = 2.5 (not a whole number) multiply it by 2 to make it a whole number

CH2.5

goes to 

C2H5

 

Question 17

Balance the following chemical reaction using smallest whole numbers: 

C3H8(g) + O2(g) --> CO2(g)+ H2O(g) 

What is the number of CO2 molecules in the balanced equation?
Correct

 

 WHOOT BALANCING

Left side v Right Side

Left 

  • 3 mols C
  • 8 mols H
  • 2 mols O
Right

  • 1 mol C
  • 3 mol O
  • 2 mol H
Lets start by balancing the H...

simply add a 4 coefficient in front of the H2O on the right

C3H8(g) + O2(g) --> CO2(g)+ 4H2O(g) 

Next the Cs...

add a 3 coefficient in front of the CO2 on the right 

C3H8(g) + O2(g) --> 3CO2(g)+ 4H2O(g) 


Next the Os...

add a 5 coefficient in front of the O2 on the left 

C3H8(g) + 5O2(g) --> 3CO2(g)+ 4H2O(g) 


Now lets recheck to make sure

3 C: L and R

8 H: L and R

10 O: L and R


Question 18

 

What is the number of H2O molecules in the balanced equation?

Correct

 

Look at answer explanation above

Question 19

 

What is the number of O2 molecules in the balanced equation?

Correct

 

Look at answer explanation above

Question 20

 

Balance the following chemical reaction using smallest whole numbers: 

CuO(s) +NH3(g) --> Cu(s) + N2(g) + H2O(g) 

Hint, balance the elements in the following order--nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, and copper.

What is the number of Cu atoms in the balanced equation?
Correct

 

after balanced its 

3CuO(s) +2NH3(g) --> 3Cu(s) +N2(g) + 3H2O(g)

Question 21

 

What is the number of nitrogen molecules in the balanced equation? (Refer to the previous question)

Correct

 

after balanced its 

3CuO(s) +2NH3(g) --> 3Cu(s) +N2(g) + 3H2O(g)

Question 22

 

What is the number of water molecules in the balanced equation? (Refer to previous questions)

Correct

 

3CuO(s) +2NH3(g) --> 3Cu(s) +N2(g) + 3H2O(g)