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butane- 4 carbon alkane aka a straight carbon chain
1-bromo- bromine on the first carbon
2 methyl - substituent on the 2nd carbon that has one carbon
3-nitropentane - substituent on the 3rd carbon of the parent chain (a 5 carbon chain) aka a nitrous group
On the second carbon of the six carbon alkane there are two methyl groups aka one carbon substituents
cyclopentane refers to a closed five carbon chain
longest straight chain = the parent chain
2 substituent groups
1. methyl on the 2nd carbon
2. bromo on the 4th carbon
make sure to alphabetize the substituents
4 bromo 2methylhexane
close six carbon chain = cyclohexane
1 methyl substituent
Longest chain = octane
2 substituent groups 1) amino 2)methyl
2 amino 3 methyloctance
Longest chain =hexane
1. substituent ethyl on the 3rd carbon
Trans isomer because the methyl groups are not on the same side
double bond is on the second carbon of the parent chain
|-C(O)H [double bond to O]|
|-C(O)-R [double bond to O]|
|-C(O)-O-R [double bond to O in ()]|
Boiling point increases with more/better intermolecular forces and because of more carbons.
Name the following compound.
A compound that is chiral has FOUR different substituent groups on it!!!!
Hybridization deals in simple terms with the number of connections the element makes in a compound with other elements (a double bond is still only one connection so for example the 1st C has 4 connections so therefore it is an sp3 while the 2nd carbon is only sp because it only has two connections.
The more polar a compound is the more likely it's solubility in water as like dissolves like
The more non polar the compound the more likely it will be to dissolve in benzene because like dissolves like
Tetracyanoethylene has the skeleton shown below. From its Lewis structure determine how many sigma and pi bonds are in the molecule.
Sigma is a single bond ( remember that double bonds have single bonds)
Pi bonds are double or triple bonds