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EMT NOTES – Preparatory Section – Miscellaneous Notes

  • BLS-Basic Life Support.  This is the level of training that EMT’s usually have.
  • ALS– Advanced Life Support.  This is the level of training that paramedics usually have.
    • ALS is a higher level of training and allows the paramedics to perform more procedures and administer certain medications.
  • you are only allowed to release patient info when a competent patient signs a release form (not allowed to give to police or other parties–besides hospital–without competent patient signature).
  • generic name (for drug)- simple, clear, not capitalized.  Sometimes the generic name is used more often than the trade name
  • trade name (for drug)-AKA brand name, given by manufacturer.
  • Examples:
    • Aspirin is a generic name for a drug, and “Bayer Aspirin” or other names would be considered trade names
    • Ibuprofen is a generic name, Advil, Motrin, and Nurofen are trade names for the same drug.
  • when dropping patient off at hospital and in a rush to get to another call, only leave after giving a verbal report to nurse.
  • 9 month old infant is able to places object in its mouth and pull itself upright.
  • If late to your shift, you will have to report and communicate with the shift officer, NOT human resources department
  • If caring for a patient on the ambulance and you are stuck with an IV needle by accident, report to your supervisor after the call.
  • If caring for a patient that has TB, put a nonrebreather mask on patient and a HEPA (high-efficiency particulate air filter) mask on self
 
  • If your partner is rude to patient, this is considered unethical but still legal
 
  • RUQ-contains liver, which is highly vascular.  If injured in this quadrant, internal bleeding is likely.
  •  activated charcoal dosage – 1-2g/kg
  • Nitroglycerin (drug used to alleviate chest pain) should not be taken  at same time as Viagra or Cialis (medications for erectile dysfunction).  Patient should wait at least 48-72 hours after taking Viagra/Cialis before using Nitroglycerin.
    • this is because Viagra/Cialis are vasodilators.  Nitroglycerin is also a vasodilator.  If they are taken together, patient’s blood pressure may become too low.